COVID-19 Patient Resource Center
  • COVID-19 Resource Center

The COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective and the best way to protect  you and those around you from serious illnesses, being hospitalized, and even dying. These vaccines are designed to prevent the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19.

As with other diseases, you are best protected from COVID-19 when you stay up to date with the recommended vaccines.


Primary Health Network offers the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, which is only authorized for those 6 months of age and over. All Pennsylvania residents 6 months and over are recommended to receive: 2 doses of Moderna in the primary series, given 4 weeks apart.

  • Pediatric (6 months to 11 years of age): authorized for use to provide a primary series (Dose 1 , Dose 2, and Dose 3 for those immunocompromised)
  • Adult 12+ Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine: authorized for use to provide a primary series. (Dose 1, Dose 2, and Dose 3 for those immunocompromised)
    • Age: 12 years and older
  • Bivalent Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine: authorized for use to provide one booster dose after completion of a primary series.
    • Age: 18 years and older

To schedule your primary series doses using the link provided below or call 724-699-9211, option 1.

Schedule Primary Series Doses

Is the COVID-19 vaccine safe?

Yes. The U.S. vaccine safety system ensures that all vaccines are as safe as possible. The COVID-19 vaccine has been held to the same rigorous safety and efficiency standards as all other types of vaccines.

Will the COVID-19 vaccination will help protect me from getting COVID-19 and COVID-19 variants?

COVID-19 vaccines are effective at protecting people from COVID-19 and help keep adults and children from getting seriously sick. They can also reduce the risk of people spreading the virus that causes COVID-19.

Although COVID-19 vaccine and boosters are not formulated to target specific COVID-19 variants, they do improve protection. In other words, the boosters increase neutralizing antibodies against the concerning variants such as Delta and the newly discovered, Omicron variant.

What are some potential side effects to the COVID-19 vaccination?

The side effects from COVID-19 vaccination may feel like flu and might even affect your ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days. This is a normal sign that your body is building protection.

Could I have an allergic reaction to the COVID-19 Vaccine?

Allergic reactions were uncommon during COVID-19 vaccine trials. However, all recipients receiving the vaccine, are required to be monitored for at least 15 minutes after vaccination for any possible reactions. If you have a history of allergic reactions to vaccines, please talk to your healthcare provider before receiving a COVID-19 vaccine.

Can I receive the COVID-19 vaccine if I’m pregnant, breastfeeding or trying to conceive?

Yes. The COVID-19 vaccine is recommended for people who are pregnant, breastfeeding, trying to get pregnant now, or might become pregnant in the future.

People who are pregnant may also receive a COVID-19 vaccine booster shot.

If I've had COVID-19 should I get vaccinated?

Based on the recommendation from the CDC, those who have had COVID-19 should still receive the vaccine. If you were treated for COVID-19 with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma, you should wait 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine.

Do COVID-19 vaccines contain a live virus?

No. The COVID-19 vaccines currently being developed in the U.S. don't use the live virus that causes COVID-19.

Which of the COVID vaccines are being offered at Primary Health Network?

At Primary Health Network, we are offering the Moderna vaccine for those 6 months and up.

How many doses of the mRNA (Moderna) vaccines are required?

Two doses are required. When we call to schedule your first vaccine with us, we will also schedule you for your second dose. You must receive the second dose 26-30 days after the first dose.

If I received my first dose of vaccine from somewhere else, can I work with PHN to receive my second dose?

Yes. You may either schedule online or call 724-699-9211, option 1.

Are the vaccines interchangeable?

For individuals completing their primary series with mRNA vaccine, they should receive two doses of the same product. Once they’ve completed their primary series and if they’re eligible for a booster dose, they may receive any one of the three available products.

It is important to note that those who have received one shot of the J & J vaccine are considered fully vaccinated. A single booster dose may be given no sooner than 2 months after the single dose of J & J. According to the current Emergency Use Authorization criteria, no additional booster doses would be appropriate afterwards.

What should I bring with me to my vaccine appointment?

A pre-visit registration will be sent to you directly via text message or email one day prior to your appointment. Please be sure to complete the patient pre-visit registration to ensure timely access to your appointment. Along with the pre-visit check-in, we ask that you also bring the following items with you on the day of your appointment:

  • Proof of Identification
  • Insurance Card
  • If receiving your second dose, please be sure to bring your vaccination card

If I recently received another vaccine, can I schedule for my COVID vaccine?

Yes. COVID-19 vaccines may be administered without regard to timing of other vaccines. This includes simultaneous administration of COVID-19 vaccine and other vaccines on the same day.

Is there a booster shot of the COVID-19 vaccine?

Yes, PHN is currently offering booster doses of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.

Who can get a booster shot?

For detailed information regarding eligibility for boosters, please visit:

Is PHN offering access to the third and fourth dose to immunocompromised individuals?

Yes, PHN will offer the third and fourth doses to those considered to be immunocompromised.

Who are considered to be immunocompromised?

The CDC and the FDA recommend an additional dose for those who are immunocompromised and ages 5 and older. This includes those who:

  • Are undergoing cancer treatment for tumors or cancers of the blood.
  • Received an organ transplant and are taking medicine to suppress the immune system.
  • Received a stem cell transplant within the last two years or are taking medicine to suppress the immune system.
  • Were born with or developed moderate or severe primary immunodeficiency, such as DiGeorge syndrome or Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome.
  • Have advanced or untreated HIV infection.
  • Are on active treatment with high-dose corticosteroids or other drugs that may suppress their immune responses.

Please talk with your doctor if you think you may be immunocompromised or have questions on vaccination and treatment options.

Is there a cost to receive any of the COVID-19 Vaccines?

There is no cost to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. If you have insurance, we will bill an administration fee to your insurance company. However, this does not result in any out of pocket cost for you.

What is the difference between a third dose and a booster shot?

The third dose is exactly that - an additional dose of the vaccine for some immunocompromised individuals to help them generate a stronger immune response similar to what most people get with just two doses.

A booster dose is given to people whose immune response has weakened over time. According to the CDC, immunity from some vaccines can wear off, and at that time, a booster dose would be required. The dosage may be different than what people first received.

Primary Health Network is providing drive-up and on-site testing for those suspected of having COVID-19 at select locations throughout our Network. Patients are required to be evaluated by a PHN provider through a telehealth appointment to determine if testing is necessary. Patients who meet the criteria for COVID-19 testing will be given an appointment and directed to a testing location.

For more information or to schedule an appointment, please call 724-699-9211, option 1.

What is the cost for a COVID-19 test?

COVID-19 tests are available at no cost nationwide. The only cost to the patient is for the initial evaluation. As a Community Health Center, PHN accepts all patients regardless of insurance status or ability to pay. We participate in most managed care plans, process most insurances, and offer a Sliding Fee Scale to eligible patients for discounted services.

If you test positive for COVID-19 (regardless of vaccination status):

  • Stay home for at least 5 days.
    • Do not leave your home, except to receive medical care. Do not visit public areas. If you have no symptoms and no fever after 5 days, you can stop isolating- but continue to wear a mask around others for 10 days.
  • Take care of yourself.
    • Get rest and stay hydrated. Take over-the-counter medicines, such as acetaminophen, to help you feel better.
  • Stay in touch with your doctor.
    • Call before you get medical care. Be sure to get care if you have trouble breathing, or have any other emergency warning signs, or if you think it is an emergency.
  • Avoid public transportation, ride-sharing, or taxis.

If you were exposed to COVID-19, what precautions should you take?

  • According to the CDC, regardless of vaccination status, people with COVID-19 should isolate for 5 days and if they are asymptomatic or their symptoms are resolving (without fever for 24 hours), follow that by 5 days of wearing a mask when around others to minimize the risk of infecting people they encounter.
  • If you believe you have been exposed to the coronavirus and do not have symptoms, contact your primary care doctor. Those experiencing symptoms such as cough, fever, and/or shortness of breath, should call 911 immediately or visit the nearest Emergency Department.
  • For more detailed information on isolation recommendations, please visit Isolation and Precautions for People with COVID-19 on the CDC website.

Fighting COVID-19 continues to be a top priority in medical research and pharmaceutical development. Treatment for COVID-19 depends on the severity of the infection. However, recent therapeutic advancements have proven to reduce the spread of COVID-19 and prevent further infections.

Oral Antiviral | Molnupiravir, Paxlovid

Molnupiravir Fact Sheet (English) | Molnupiravir Fact Sheet (Espanol)

Paxlovid Fact Sheet (English) | Paxlovid Fact Sheet (Espanol)

At Primary Health Network, we are dispensing both Covid -19 Oral Antivirals at 6 of our rural locations:

  • New Castle Primary Care
  • Oil City Health Center
  • Titusville Community Health Center
  • Punxsutawney Community Health Center
  • Jacksonville Family Medicine Center
  • Lewistown Community Health Center

To shcedule a pick up time and location

Please have your family physician fax to us the following referral form and Demographics:

Molnupiravir Referral Form

Paxlovid Referral Form

Fax to us at 724-308-5722

For more information on the scheduling process, you can contact us at 724-699-9211, option 1.

Am I eligible to receive oral antivirals?

Oral antivirals are used for the treatment of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 in adults (18 years of age), who:

  • have positive results of direct severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viral testing.
  • are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death
  • alternative COVID-19 treatment options authorized by FDA are not accessible or clinically appropriate

High risk reasons for more serious symptoms include:

  • Age ≥ 65 years
  • Obesity
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetes
  • Immunosuppressive disease or immunosuppressive treatment
  • Heart or circulatory conditions such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, and possibly high blood pressure
  • Chronic lung diseases including COPD, asthma, interstitial lung disease, cystic fibrosis, and pulmonary hypertension
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders such as cerebral palsy
  • Having a medical device

How can I get oral antivirals?

Talk with a healthcare provider to determine if an oral antiviral is an appropriate treatment option for you. If it is determined that you would benefit from one of these treatments, the healthcare provider will write you a prescription for the appropriate medication.

How are oral antivirals administered?

Oral antivirals are administered as 4 capsules every 12 hours for 5 days. It is important that patients complete the full 5 days of treatment with oral antivirals, even if they feel better.

What are the side effects of oral antivirals?

Common side effects are diarrhea, nausea, and dizziness.

Monoclonal Antibodies | Bebtelovimab

Bebtelovimab Fact Sheet (English) | Bebtelovimab Fact Sheet (Espanol)

Primary Health Network is one of the few healthcare organizations in Pennsylvania offering monoclonal antibody treatment, which is authorized by the FDA for emergency use in the treatment of COVID-19.

This one-time administration may help keep certain individuals with mild to moderate COVID-19 from progressing in their illness to severe disease and may make it less likely that a patient would need to go to the emergency department or need hospitalization.

Due to limited supply, those eligible for this treatment must meet the following criteria:

  • Have a positive PCR test for SARS-COV-2 AND:
  • Meet certain criteria

For more information on eligibility or to schedule your treatment, please call 724-977-6370.

How is Monoclonal Antibodies Sotrovimab administered?

Monoclonal anitibodies are administered through a one-time intravenous (IV) infusion. The infusion takes about one hour to complete, and you must stay at the infusion center for another hour to be monitored for allergic reactions or other side effects.

What are the side effects of monoclonal anitibodies?

Allergic reactions can occur during and after infusion with this treatment. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you experience any of the following signs and symptoms of allergic reactions: fever; chills; nausea; headache; shortness of breath; low blood pressure; wheezing; swelling of your lips, face, or throat; rash, including hives; itching; muscle aches; and/or dizziness.

An infusion of any medicine may cause brief pain, bleeding, bruising of the skin, soreness, swelling, and possible infection at the infusion site.

Potential side effects include anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock), and infusion-related reactions, rash and diarrhea.

These are not all the possible side effects of treatment. Serious and unexpected side effects may happen.

What should I do after receiving Monoclonal Antibody Treatment?

Even if you start feeling better, you could still spread the virus. Isolate at home until all the following occur:

  • At least 10 days have passed since your first symptoms of COVID-19;
  • You haven't had a fever in at least 24 hours, without taking any fever-reducing medicine; and
  • Your other symptoms of COVID-19 are improving.

How much does Monoclonal Antibody Treatment cost?

Check with your insurance provider to determine the cost of treatment.

Can I receive Monoclonal Antibody Treatment if I have received a COVID-19 vaccine?

Yes, you are eligible for treatment if you received one or more doses of a COVID-19 vaccine.

Can I receive a COVID-19 vaccine if I had Monoclonal Antibody Treatment?

You should not be vaccinated for COVID-19 within 90 days of treatment.

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis | Evusheld | Evusheld Fact Sheet

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an emergency use authorization (EUA) for AstraZeneca’s Evusheld™ (tixagevimab and cilgavimab). Evusheld is a potent new COVID-19 protective measure (monoclonal antibody) designed to prevent COVID-19 infection in vulnerable and immunocompromised individuals who may not mount an adequate immune response to COVID-19 vaccination.

What is Evusheld and how is it administered?

In immunocompromised patients, a vaccination may not generate enough immune response, so they are still vulnerable to severe infection. Evusheld gives additional immunity to help prevent COVID-19.

Evusheld is a combination of two monoclonal antibodies given in two consecutive injections in the arm, in one visit, to qualifying patients who do not have COVID-19. Patients will be monitored for one hour afterward for any side effects.

Who is eligible for Monoclonal Antibody Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Evusheld)?

The current FDA has given an EUA for this medicine to be given to those with specific illness or medical situations which puts them at high-risk of developing severe COVID-19 illness.

Eligibility Criteria:

Adults and pediatric individuals (12 years of age and older weighing at least 40 kg):

  • Who are not currently infected with SARS-CoV-2 and who have not had a known recent exposure to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2, AND:
    • Who have moderate to severe immune compromise due to a medical condition or receipt of immunosuppressive medications or treatments and may not mount an adequate immune response to COVID-19 vaccination, OR
    • For whom vaccination with any available COVID-19 vaccine, according to the approved or authorized schedule, is not recommended due to a history of severe adverse reaction (e.g., severe allergic reaction) to a COVID-19 vaccine(s) and/or COVID-19 vaccine component(s).

Evusheld (tixagevimab/cilgavimab) Referral Form

  1. Please read and complete the attachment
  2. Fax completed form to 724-308-5722 to schedule patient.

What Is Pre-Exposure Prevention (PrEP) And How Does It Work?

PrEP medicines are designed to proactively protect certain individuals from COVID-19 infection prior to exposure. These medicines use monoclonal antibodies (laboratory-made proteins that mimic the immune system's ability to fight off harmful pathogens) to block the COVID-19 virus' attachment and entry into human cells.

What medicines are available?

In the United States, AstraZeneca's Evusheld (tixagevimab co-packaged with cilgavimab and administered together) is the only product currently authorized for pre-exposure prevention.

Am I eligible to receive PrEP?

Evusheld is only authorized for adults and pediatric individuals (12 years of age and older weighing at least 40 kilograms [about 88 pounds]) who are not currently infected with COVID-19 virus and who have not recently been exposed to an individual infected with COVID-19. The authorization also requires that individuals either: have moderate to severely compromised immune systems and may not mount an adequate immune response to COVID-19; or are recommended to not receive vaccination against COVID-19.

What are the side effects of PrEP?

Possible side effects of Evusheld include: allergic reactions (including anaphylaxis), cardiac events, bleeding at the injection site, headache, fatigue and cough.

How can I get PrEP?

You should talk with a health care provider to determine whether Evusheld is an appropriate pre-exposure prevention option for you.

Visitor Information

To protect our most vulnerable patients, we are limiting the amount of visitors to 1 per adult patient. For pediatric patients, we ask that parents and guardians bring ONLY the child seeking care to the office visit. Only 1 adult will be permitted to attend the visit with the child.

We are discontinuing all public use of our conference and community space, effective immediately, until future notice.

We understand that these restrictions may cause challenges for our patients and their families. Thank you for your patience and adherence to these policies as part of our continued efforts to keep our patients, visitors, and workforce protected and healthy during this time.


If you are experiencing a medical emergency, please call 911 or go to your nearest emergency room.

If you are experiencing a psychiatric emergency, please call 911 or contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 1-800-273-TALK

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